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Table of contents
1.
Introduction
2.
What is Linux OS?
3.
Types of Linux OS
3.1.
Ubuntu
3.2.
Fedora
3.3.
Debian
3.4.
Arch Linux
3.5.
CentOS
3.6.
Linux Mint
3.7.
OpenSUSE
3.8.
Elementary OS
3.9.
Kali Linux
3.10.
Gentoo
4.
Frequently Asked Questions
4.1.
What are two types of Linux user mode?
4.2.
What are the 4 components of Linux operating system?
4.3.
What are the 4 layers of Linux operating system?
4.4.
How Linux OS works?
5.
Conclusion
Last Updated: Mar 27, 2024
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Types of Linux OS

Author Rahul Singh
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Speaker
Anubhav Sinha
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Introduction

You may be familiar with the Linux operating system in general. But do you know about the different types of Linus OS other than Ubuntu? Linux, the Open Source Operating System, has gained immense popularity for its flexibility, stability, and security. One of the key reasons for its success is the availability of numerous distributions, or "distros," each catering to different needs and preferences. 

Types of Linux OS

This article will explore the most common types of Linux OS, their key features, and their intended use cases.

Also see : Multiprogramming vs Multitasking 

What is Linux OS?

Linux is an open-source operating system kernel that forms the core of various Unix-like operating systems. Created by Linus Torvalds, it supports multitasking, multi-user functionality, and stability. Linux is widely used for servers, embedded systems, and as an alternative desktop operating system due to its security and customization features.

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Types of Linux OS

Linux provides a diverse distribution ecosystem that meets a wide range of needs and wants. Linux offers a wide range of distributions for different users:

  • Beginner-friendly options like Ubuntu and Linux Mint are available.
  • Cutting-edge distributions like Arch Linux and Gentoo are also available.
  • A Linux distribution is suitable for developers, system administrators, and cybersecurity professionals.
  • Exploring Linux distributions can open up a world of possibilities.
  • Experimenting with different distributions can help you find the one that suits your needs.
different types of Linux OS

Ubuntu

Ubuntu a Linux distribution developed and regularly updated by Canonical. It is a highly popular Operating System used by beginners, experts, and moderate users. It was primarily designed for those new to Linux or those transitioning from Mac or Windows. The GNOME(GNU Network Object Model Environment) desktop interface and essential software like Firefox, LibreOffice, GIMP(GNU Image Manipulation Program), Rhythmbox, and Audacious come pre-installed in Ubuntu.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu is highly user-friendly and has an appealing UI. This makes it an excellent choice for desktop users and new Linux learners. As they progress in their Linux education, they can use the default apps mentioned earlier.

Ubuntu Studio, a Linux distribution focused on multimedia production, is a noteworthy mention. It caters to artists who work in video, graphics, audio, and photography.

Fedora

Fedora is the Linux created by Red Hat. It is a distribution os that focuses on all the updates or security innovation updates on the market related to os. It is known for its frequent updates, providing its users with the latest software and features. Fedora is often used by developers, system administrators, and advanced Linux users who want to experiment with the latest technologies and contribute to the open-source community. Fedora is also the upstream source for the popular Linux distribution, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), which is widely used in enterprise environments.

fedora

Debian

Debian is a popular and widely-used operating system in the Linux family. It is highly regarded for being dependable and stable, and it is developed entirely by all the developers and programmers. The volunteers have very much craze for free software. Debian has influenced many other Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, and is well-known for its advanced package management system called "apt," which simplifies the installation and management of software. Debian is often used when reliability and security are essential, like servers and embedded systems.

Debian

Arch Linux

Arch Linux is a distribution known for its simplicity, adaptability, and customizability. The "do it yourself" perspective allows users to create their own Linux system from the ground up, customized to their unique needs. Because Arch Linux uses a rolling release model, users can always access the most recent software and bug fixes. This is mainly used by the developer who wants complete control over their OS and is prepared to spend time customizing and configuring it in favor of Arch Linux.

Arch Linux

CentOS

It is also free and open-source, created by Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is what we call CentOS. CentOS stands for Community Enterprise Operating System. Since RHEL and CentOS share the same binary architecture, applications created for RHEL can be and run on CentOS. It is used in business settings where reliability, security, and ongoing support are essential. This OS is mostly used by big companies who want their data to be in safe hands. Here the risk of leaking data is very minimal.

CentOS

Linux Mint

Linux Mint is a distribution that is known for its user-friendly interface and ease of use. It provides a familiar desktop environment similar to Windows, making it a popular choice among users transitioning from Windows to Linux. Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu and offers a wide range of software applications, multimedia codecs, and drivers out of the box, making it a hassle-free option for beginners and users whose priority is watching videos and listening to music. Here the UI is very simple and easy to use. So for the beginning, if you want to get the idea of Linux, this would be the best OS to install.

Linux Mint

OpenSUSE

The OpenSUSE distribution provides a stable and secure environment for businesses and desktops. It is suitable for starting new projects and requiring robustness and dependability features in the OS. Leap and Tumbleweed are two of the editions that OpenSUSE offers. Tumbleweed is the best distribution for users. Users want the most recent software and features because it uses a rolling release schedule instead of Leap's regular release cycle and infrequent updates. Also, OpenSUSE is renowned for its simple installation procedure and thorough documentation, making it accessible to novice and experienced users. We often get stuck while installing Linus OS, so this openSUSE is very easy to install if you want to try.

OpenSUSE

Elementary OS

Elementary OS is a distribution that focuses on providing a beautiful and elegant user experience. It is designed with a minimalist and modern interface, resembling macOS, making it visually appealing and user-friendly. Elementary OS has its applications and offers seamless integration with popular online services, such as Google Drive and Mail. It is based on Ubuntu and provides a stable and secure environment for users who prioritize aesthetics and usability.

Elementary OS

 

Kali Linux

Kali Linux is a specialized distribution designed for ethical hacking and cybersecurity purposes. It comes with a wide range of pre-installed tools for penetration testing, network analysis, and digital forensics, making it a popular choice among cybersecurity professionals and enthusiasts. Kali Linux is based on Debian and provides a powerful and comprehensive toolkit for testing the security of networks and systems. This OS mostly use for hacking purposes. In this OS, several pre-installed tools, like social engineering tools, help us to attack different kinds of networks or websites.

Kali Linux

Gentoo

The distribution Gentoo is renowned for its adaptability, customization possibilities, and performance enhancement. Users can compile and customize their software from source code fixed for their unique hardware and requirements because it uses a "source-based" package management system. Gentoo is a very advanced OS. Professionals mostly use this OS.

Gentoo

Frequently Asked Questions

What are two types of Linux user mode?

Linux has two user modes: User Mode and Kernel Mode. User Mode restricts direct access to system resources, and most applications run in this mode. Kernel Mode, also known as Supervisor Mode, allows direct access to system resources and is reserved for the operating system's kernel.

What are the 4 components of Linux operating system?

The Linux operating system consists of four main components:

  • Kernel: The core of the operating system that manages hardware resources and provides essential services.
  • System Libraries: Libraries that provide essential functions and services to applications.
  • System Utilities: Essential system management and maintenance tools.
  • User Interface: The interface through which users interact with the system, which can be command-line or graphical.

What are the 4 layers of Linux operating system?

The Linux operating system comprises four layers: Kernel (core managing hardware), Shell (user interface for command-line interaction), System Libraries (essential functions for applications), and Applications (user-level programs). These layers collectively enable the functioning of the Linux OS.

How Linux OS works?

Linux works by utilizing a modular structure. The kernel manages hardware, interacting with system libraries that provide essential functions. The shell, a user interface, enables user commands, while applications run on top. This layered architecture ensures stability, security, and flexibility.

Conclusion

As we have studied above, many types of Linux operating systems are available, each with its unique features and characteristics. But when it comes to choosing the right system, it depends upon the necessity of the individual.

In this article, we discussed the different types of the Linux OS. If you want to learn more about Linux os, you can refer to the following article:


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